Ecosystem services of biodiversity in Ethiopia

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Ecosystem services of biodiversity in  Ethiopia. Reviewed and published by IPRJB.

Category Books
Publisher: IPRJB peer reviewed journals and books publishers
ISBN: 978-9966-111-56-9
Author: Teklu Gebretsadik Wana, Dr. Girma Tilahun, Dr. Getachew Sime Feyissa

 

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Ecosystem services of biodiversity in  Ethiopia. Reviewed and published by IPRJB.

Category Books
Publisher: IPRJB peer reviewed journals and books publishers
ISBN:
978-9966-111-56-9
Author:
Teklu Gebretsadik Wana, Dr. Girma Tilahun, Dr. Getachew Sime Feyissa

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  1. Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………2

Objective……………………………………………………………………………………………………3

  1. Major ecosystem services of biodiversity…………………………………..………………….4

2.1 Provisional services………………………………………………………………………………………..5

2.1.1 Food and Agriculture………………………………………………………………………….5

2.2.1 Materials and energy…………………………………………………………………………6

2.3.1 Hydro-logical services………………………………………………………….……………6

2.4.1 Medicinal services……………………………………………………………………………7

2.5.1 Economic services………………………………………………………………………………7

2.2. Regulation services………………………………………………………………………………………..9

2.2.1 Local and air quality……………………………………………………………….…………..9

2.2.2 Carbon sequestration and storage………………………………………………………..9

2.2.3 Moderation of extreme events………………………………………………………………………..11

2.2.4. Waste-water treatment……………………………………………………………………….11

2.2.5. Erosion prevention and maintenance of soil fertility………..…..……………….12

2.2.6. Pollination and seed dispersal……………………………………………………………..12

2.2.7. Biological control………………………………………………………………………………………….12

2.3. Habitat and supporting services……………………………………………………..………………..13

2.3.1. Soil formation and mineral recycling……………………………………………………..13

2.3.2. Habitat for species……………………………………………………………………………….13

2.3.3. Maintenance of genetic diversity……………………………………………………………14

2.4. Cultural services……………………………………………………………………………………………….15

2.4.1. Recreation: Mental and Physical health…………………………………………………..15

2.4.2. Ecotourism…………………………………………………………………………………………..15

2.4.3. Aesthetic appreciation and Inspiration…………………………………………………..16

2.4.4. Spiritual experience and sense of place……………………………………………………16

  1. Biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being………………………………………17
  2. Biodiversity loss and its cause in Ethiopia………………………………………………..…………17
  3. Challenges encounter and opportunities to the Ecosystem services of biodiversity…26

5.1. Challenges………………………………………………………………………………………………..26

5.2. Opportunities…………………………………………………………………………….…………..…31

  1. Biodiversity, environment and development in Ethiopia…………………….………………..36
  2. Conclusion and Recommendation………………………………………………………………………52

7.1 Conclusion …………………….…………………………………………………………………………….………52

7.2 Recommendations and the way forward……………..……………………………..……………………55

8.References………………………………………………………………………………………………………………57

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