EFFECTS OF HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG PUPILS IN MUKURU INFORMAL SETTLEMENT, IN NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYA
Methodology: The population of the study consisted of 7565 participants from Mukuru. Stratified, purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select a sample size of 205 respondents (100 children, 10 teachers and 85 parents from the study area, and 10 officials from the Ministry of Education), who responded to the households access to food in Mukuru informal settlement, factors hindering the attainment of households food security, effect of household food security on academic performance of pupils. A descriptive research survey was conducted, using a mixed method. Data collected were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS). Correlation analysis and regression analysis were used to determine the relationships and significance between variables.
Results:The key finding indicated that there is a strong positive relation between the effects of food security and academic performance; it established a positive association between the variables with a significance ‘‘R’’ value of .635 and a coefficient of determination R square of 0.404.
Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy: From the findings, some recommendations were made, for the government to formulate policies that would help improve food security so as to reduce its effects on pupils’ academic performance, also creation of jobs to increase employment which would offer people opportunities to raise their income.
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