COVID-19 Impact on Employees Behavior and Mental Well-Being in UAE (Abu Dhabi Emirates)


  • Ayesha Abdulla AlAmeri Hamdan Bin Mohammed Smart University

Abstract views: 107
PDF downloads: 102


Coronavirus, COVID-19, Pandemic, Mental Health, Remote Work, Anxiety, Quarantine.


Purpose: The paper aims to identify the main stressors during the pandemic, examining some moderating factors which may mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on UAE employees’ behavior.

Methodology: Mixed method has been used to gather thorough information about the topic and identify the impact of COVID-19 using literature review of previous research and questionnaire.

Findings: COVID-19 has disrupted work and organizations across the globe as it implied unprecedented impact in the way organizations perform, affecting employees’ performance and mental well-being. This paper examines the impact of coronavirus pandemic on employees’ mental health and its association with shifting their performance. Literature reviews have signaled dramatic shifts in sleep, physical activity, and work productivity, which may have subsequent downstream mental well-being consequences. The impact of COVID-19 on employees differs from country to another due to the implemented measures including quarantine and technology readiness.

Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy: COVID-19 had significant impact on Abu Dhabi Emirates employees’ behavior, attitude and mental health. Based on this research outcome, UAE employees can be well prepared for any future pandemics by enhancing their health lifestyle through balanced diet and exercise as it will enhance their health and will reduce their fear from any potential viruses as well as employees should have a second income that will support them in case of losing their main job during any crisis and will mitigate their job insecurity as they will be more stable in their income. The UAE based on this research and other research have implemented the remote work policy across the UAE for any employee who prefers to continue working from home during and post the pandemic and this increased employee’s well-being and satisfaction. Future research can use the suggested theories in potential pandemic or crisis research or post pandemic research to measure the impact on employee’s performance and well-being as this research might be a reference for future research on similar study.


Download data is not yet available.


AL MANSOORI, H.M., ALSAUD, A.B. and YAS, H., 2021. The impact of Covid 19 on increasing the cost of labor and project price in the United Arab Emirates. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 13(1).

Arora, T. and Grey, I., 2020. Health behaviour changes during COVID-19 and the potential consequences: A mini-review. Journal of Health Psychology, 25(9), pp.1155-1163.

Bhargava, H., 2021. Coronavirus History. [Online]

Available at:

[Accessed 11 February 2022].

Bai, Y., Lin, C.C., Lin, C.Y., Chen, J.Y., Chue, C.M. and Chou, P., 2004. Survey of stress reactions among health care workers involved with the SARS outbreak. Psychiatric services, 55(9), pp.1055-1057.

Becker, W.J., Belkin, L.Y., Tuskey, S.E. and Conroy, S.A., 2022. Surviving remotely: How job control and loneliness during a forced shift to remote work impacted employee work behaviors and well‐being. Human Resource Management.

Brooks, S.K., Dunn, R., Amlôt, R., Rubin, G.J. and Greenberg, N., 2018. A systematic, thematic review of social and occupational factors associated with psychological outcomes in healthcare employees during an infectious disease outbreak. Journal of occupational and environmental medicine, 60(3), pp.248-257.

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design; qualitative, quantitative and mixed method approaches. 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

DARROUE, C., 2021. UAE: How the Covid-19 pandemic has impacted workplace health and wellness. Available at:

Freund, R.J., Wilson, W.J. and Sa, P., 2006. Regression analysis. Elsevier.

Hamouche, S., 2020. COVID-19 and employees’ mental health: stressors, moderators and agenda for organizational actions. Emerlad Open Research, 20 April, pp. 2-15.

Greer TW, Payne SC: Overcoming telework challenges: Outcomes of successful telework strategies. The Psychologist-Manager Journal. 2014;17(2):87 10.1037

Heale, R. and Twycross, A., 2015. Validity and reliability in quantitative studies. Evidence-based nursing, 18(3), pp.66-67.

MOCCAE, 2021. News Details. [Online]

Available at:

[Accessed 9 Febreuary 2022].

Narayanamurthy, G. and Tortorella, G., 2021. Impact of COVID-19 outbreak on employee performance–moderating role of industry 4.0 base technologies. International Journal of Production Economics, 234, p.108075.

Popa, I., Ștefan, S. C., Olariu, A. A., Popa, Ș. C., & Popa, C. F. (2022). Modelling the COVID-19 Pandemic Effects on Employees' Health and Performance: A PLS-SEM Mediation Approach. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(3), 1865.

Ramesh N, Siddaiah A, Joseph B: Tackling corona virus disease 2019 (COVID 19) in workplaces. Indian J Occup Environ Med. 2020;24(1):16–18. 10.4103

Rutz, C., Loretto, MC., Bates, A.E. et al. COVID-19 lockdown allows researchers to quantify the effects of human activity on wildlife. Nat Ecol Evol 4, 1156–1159 (2020).

Sasaki, N., Kuroda, R., Tsuno, K. and Kawakami, N., 2020. Workplace responses to COVID‐19 associated with mental health and work performance of employees in Japan. Journal of occupational health, 62(1), p.e12134.

Xiang YT, Yang Y, Li W, et al. : Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(3):228–229.

Xiong, J., Lipsitz, O., Nasri, F., Lui, L. M. W., Gill, H., Phan, L., … McIntyre, R. S. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Mental Health in the General Population: A Systematic Review. Journal of Affective Disorders.




How to Cite

AlAmeri , A. (2023). COVID-19 Impact on Employees Behavior and Mental Well-Being in UAE (Abu Dhabi Emirates). Journal of Human Resource and Leadership, 8(2), 20–34.