Influence of Neglectful Parenting Approaches on Self-esteem of Teenagers Aged 13-19 Years in Selected Day Secondary Schools in Lari Sub County in Kiambu County, Kenya


  • Mr. Francis Mutie Wambua Mount Kenya University
  • Dr. Florence S.A K'Okul (PhD) Mount Kenya University



Neglectful Parenting Approaches, Self-Esteem, Teenagers


Purpose:  Parents play a critical role in influencing the self-esteem of teenagers. The main aim of the study was to investigate how neglectful parenting approaches influence the self-esteem of teenagers aged 13- 19 years in day secondary schools in Lari Sub County, in Kiambu County, Kenya.

Methodology: The researcher   used a concurrent   correlational   research design. In this approach both qualitative and quantitative   data collection strategies were used simultaneously to   investigate the relationship between the variables. The target population was 4500 students. The sample size was 1280 participants. Questionnaires and structured interviews guides were used for data collection Stratified and Simple random sampling techniques were used to select the accessible study population. The qualitative data was collected using interview guides and presented thematically in narrative form. At the univariate level, the quantitative data was analyzed using (SPSS) software version 27 and   presented in tables. At the bivariate level Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient was used to obtain correlations and significance. 

Findings: From the descriptive findings 38.7% of the teenagers from neglectful parents are experiencing unhealthy self-esteem.24.0% of teenagers from authoritative parents have a healthy self-esteem. 37.3% of the teenagers had moderate self-esteem. The results also indicate that out of 1200 respondents (371) 30.9% of respondents had    good experiences with their parents. 117(9.8%) had moderate experiences   with their   parents   and 712(59.3%) had antagonistic experiences   with their parents. From the inferential findings a statistically significant relationship was also found between neglectful parenting   approach   and teenage self-esteem, (r =0.740, p =.000). From   thematic findings presented   in narrative mode from   school   and peer counsellors, it was evident that neglectful parenting   dominates the Lari Sub County region since most of the clients    had unfavorable experiences with their parents. Few have lovely   experiences   with their parents.

Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy: The research was guided by the Albert Bandura Social Learning Theory. The theory provides insight that during their initial interaction with their family children observe and learn from the actions and behaviors of caregivers or parents. Therefore, decent actions, words and behaviors from parent's influence positively   the self-esteem of teenagers. The teenagers feel good, secure and loved to be part of a warm and loving family which gives them confidence to explore their world and try new things. However, toxic words, actions and behaviors in parental relationships with teenagers influence negatively the self-esteem of many teenagers.  The study recommended that policy makers in the state department of early childhood education in Lari Sub County should embrace programs to educate teenagers on healthy ways to   adapt to unfriendly experiences with    neglectful parents since they cannot change them but they can only build their individual self-esteem.  It also recommends that parents to be educated on the need to embrace authoritative parenting strategies to cultivate   health self-esteem of teenagers.


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How to Cite

Wambua, F., & Okul, F. (2024). Influence of Neglectful Parenting Approaches on Self-esteem of Teenagers Aged 13-19 Years in Selected Day Secondary Schools in Lari Sub County in Kiambu County, Kenya. International Journal of Psychology, 9(3), 15–30.