GENDER GAPS IN DECISION MAKING POWER IN HOUSEHOLDS: CASE OF IMPROVED BEE KEEPING AMONG THE MAASAI COMMUNITY IN TRANS MARA, NAROK COUNTY, KENYA

Authors

  • Miriti Lydiah School of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of Sociology and Gender Studies Kenyatta University Kenya
  • Masiga Casper School of Humanities and Social Sciences Kenyatta University
  • Wamue Ngare School of Humanities and Social Sciences Kenyatta University
  • Maina Immaculate Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation

Keywords:

Improved Bee Keeping, Participation, Gender, Imenti South District, Kenya.

Abstract

Purpose: This study sought to explore gender gaps in decision making power in improved bee keeping households among the Maasai community in Trans Mara, Narok County, Kenya.

Methodology: Random and snowball sampling was used. A of 110 households were interviewed while 36 participants were selected for focus group discussions (FGDs) and 16 key informant (KII) were also interviewed. A FGD guide was used to collect information in group discussions while interview schedules were used for KIIs. Data collected was analysed using SPSS and excel spreadsheet.

Findings: Findings indicate a higher consensus among group members’ households compared to non-members. It can be argued that trainings in improved bee keeping have enhanced joint decisions, a factor that reduces gender gaps. However, in both categories (group members non-members), men have a higher decision making power in purchase and sale of all household assets while women’s is minimal or none at all. Women have input in decisions concerning poultry. Further, men have input to most or all decisions pertaining income generated from productive activities, including bee products.

Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: The study suggests awareness initiatives and household empowerment targeting power imbalances and cultural stereotypes, especially those that deter socio-economic development. In such forums, trainings and discussions should be promoted on gender roles, unequal workload, rights and responsibilities especially importance of individual and joint decision making power. This will address both household and community inequalities, and minimize the gender gap for enhanced participation and access to benefits in agricultural value chains.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Miriti Lydiah, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Department of Sociology and Gender Studies Kenyatta University Kenya

PhD Student

Masiga Casper, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Kenyatta University

Senior Lecturer

Wamue Ngare, School of Humanities and Social Sciences Kenyatta University

Associate Professor

Maina Immaculate, Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organisation

Senior Researcher

References

Alkire, S., Meinzen-Dick, R., Peterman, A., Quisumbing, A.R., Seymour, G., and Vaz, A. (2012). The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index. IFPRI Discussion Paper 01240, December 2012. IFPRI
Becker, E. (2012). “Themes from Feed the Future Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index: Report from Qualitative Case Studies in Bangladesh, Guatemala, and Uganda.” Submitted to the International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, pp. 5-10.
Chawatama, S., Mutisi, C. and Mupawaenda, A., C. (2005). The socio-economic status of smallholder livestock production in Zimbabwe: a diagnostic study. Livestock Research for Rural Development 17(12). http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd/lrrd17/12/chaw17143.htm. (Accessed on 22 January 2014).
Constitution of Kenya. 2010. The National Council of Law Reporting: Revised Edition
FAO (2011a). The State of Food and Agriculture: Women in Agriculture: Closing the gender gap for development. Rome: FAO.
Flintan F. (2008). Women’s Empowerment in Pastoral Societies. WISP, GEF, IUCN, UNDP. George, P. S .and Nair, K. N. 1990. Livestock Economy of Kerala. Kerala:Centre for
GOK, (2009). Draft National Bee Keeping Policy 2009. Nairobi, Kenya.

Katinka Weinberger (2014). Technology Transfer and Adoption in ASEAN Region: Towards A Future Without Poverty Supporting Sustainable Agriculture in Asia and The Pacific. Centre for Alleviation of Poverty through Sustainable Agriculture of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP).
Kimani, T., M., Ngethe, E., W. (2007). Enhancing livestock management skills amongst Maasai pastoral women of Magadi Division in Kenya: a CVA funded Kenya Women Veterinary Association Project. 4th Pan Commonwealth Veterinary Conference, 4–8 November 2007. Barbados, West Indies.
King, S. (2013). Women’s Collective Action in the Honey Sector in Ethiopia: Involving Marginalized Women in Collective Action. In Women’s Collective Action in African Agricultural Markets: The missing link for empowerment ed. Baden, S. and Davies, I. Oxfam GB. E. http://womenscollectiveaction.com/Phase+III accessed on 22/1/2014

Kiptarus, J., Asiko, G., Muriuki, J., and Biwott, A. (2011). Beekeeping in Kenya: The Current Situation: A paper presented at the 42nd International Apicultural Congress, Apimondia 2011, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Laven, A. and Verhart, N. KIT (2011). A Report on Addressing Gender Equality in Agricultural Value Chains: Sharing Work in Progress.
Meinzen-Dick, R., Behrman, J. A., Pandolfelli, L., Peterman, A., & Quisumbing, A. (2013). Gender and social capital for agricultural development. In Gender in agriculture and food security: Closing the knowledge gap. Dordrecht, the Netherlands; Rome: Springer; Food and Agriculture Organization.
Njuki, J., Mburu, S., and Pimentel, P. (2013). Livestock and Intra-household Income Management. In Women Livestock Ownership and Markets: Bridging the Gap in Eastern and Southern Africa, ed. Jemmimah Njuki and Pascal Sanginga, pp. 63-75. Nairobi, Kenya, ILRI.
Oduol, J., Mithöfer, D., and Place. F. (2014). Constraints to and Opportunities for Women’s Participation in High Value Agricultural Commodity Value Chains in Kenya. World Agroforestry Centre, Nairobi, Kenya.
PACT Kenya (2011). Scoping Study and Value Chain Analysis for Bee Keeping and Honey Products. A draft report by Liaison Consulting ltd. Available at http://www.act.or.ke/publications/act-annual-reports/ accessed on 31/12/2013
Quisumbing, A. R. and Pandolfelli, L. (2010). “Promising Approaches to Address the Needs of Poor Female Farmers: Resources, Constraints, and Interventions”. World Development, 38(4): 581-592.
Rubin, D., Tezera, S., Caldwell, L. (2010). A Calf, A House, A Business of One’s Own: Microcredit, Asset Accumulation, and Economic Empowerment in GL CRSP Projects in Ethiopia and Ghana, Global Livestock Collaborative Research Support Program.
Tripathi, R., Chung, Y. B., Deering, K., Saracini, N., Willoughby, R., Wills, O., & Churm, M. (2012). What Works for Women: Proven approaches for empowering women smallholders and achieving food security. Oxfam Policy and Practice: Agriculture, Food and Land, 12(1), 113-140.
Sitati, Noah and Bett, Stanely (2012). An Evaluation of Bee Keeping in the Agro-pastoral Masai Community of Trans Mara District, Kenya. Paper Presented during Sustainable Land Management National Conference in Naivasha, Kenya from 26th to 29th November 2013.
Tabinda, Q., Murad, A., Sajida, T. and Nadeem, A. (2013). Impact Assessment of Beekeeping in Sustainable Rural Livelihood. Journal of Social Sciences, COES&RJ-JSS, 2(2), pp. 82-90.
USAID (2009). Promoting Gender Equitable Opportunities in Agricultural Value Chains: A Handbook for review by the United States Agency for International Development. Prepared by Deborah Rubin (Cultural Practice LLC) and Cristina Manfre and Kara Nichols Barrett (DTS), pp. 90-99.
Waithanji, E., Njuki, J. and Nabintu, B. (2013). Gender participation in livestock Markets. In Women, Livestock Ownership and Markets: Bridging the Gap in Eastern and Southern Africa ed. Jemimah Njuki and Pascal Sangi, pp. 40. Ottawa, Canada: IRLI and IDRC.
World Bank (2012). Gender Equality and Development Report. Washington D.C.: World Bank.

Downloads

Published

2019-03-05

How to Cite

Lydiah, M., Casper, M., Ngare, W., & Immaculate, M. (2019). GENDER GAPS IN DECISION MAKING POWER IN HOUSEHOLDS: CASE OF IMPROVED BEE KEEPING AMONG THE MAASAI COMMUNITY IN TRANS MARA, NAROK COUNTY, KENYA. International Journal of Gender Studies, 4(1), 19 – 36. Retrieved from https://www.iprjb.org/journals/index.php/IJGS/article/view/839

Issue

Section

Articles