International Journal of Gender Studies 2022-09-14T09:19:23+03:00 Journal Admin Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Gender studies(IJGS) is a peer reviewed journal published by IPRJB both in online and printed version.The journal is accredited for its devotion in study related to indentity and gender representation .The fields of IJGS are women studies ,men’s studies and queer studies.It also analyze how race ethnicity , location,&nbsp; class ,nationality and disability intersect with categories of gender and sexuality.</p> FORMAL JUSTICE AND ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION ON LAND BASED CONFLICTS IN KENYA 2022-04-01T11:43:08+03:00 Benson Mutuku Jane Alaii Anja Krumeich Borne Hubertus van den Ingrid Westerndorp <p>This article highlights the use of formal justice and Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADRs) mechanisms in resolving land based conflicts in Kenya. The research employed a desk review method through the review of books, articles, documents, reports and internet information. Findings reveal that symbiotic relationship and equitable value of both the formal justice system and ADR are recognised by the Constitution of Kenya 2010. The court system in Kenya is established under the Constitution and various other Acts of Parliament land dispute suits matters are filed at the civil court registry of a lower or magistrates court or at the Environment and Land Court through its registry. On the other hand, the use of ADR mechanisms offers different advantages compared to the formal court system, including effective and efficient of resources such as time and money. It reduces the time it takes to resolve disputes, particularly in tribunals and traditional and alternative justice systems, and diminish the backlog of cases experienced by the courts. The article provides a better understanding of the two systems in terms of their merits and demerits and recommends that the Government of Kenya does more to build capacity by providing formal training at the local level in the different ADR methods to help disputants resolve conflict before it is channelled through the formal justice system. It also recommends that it create a public fund and a corresponding application process that would allow those who cannot afford to privately hire advocates to prosecute or defend their matters in Court through the said fund.</p> 2022-04-01T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Gender Studies EXAMINING MEDIA RESPONSE TO GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE IN THE GAMBIA – THE CHALLENGES AND THE WAY FORWARD 2022-05-08T20:04:40+03:00 Morolake Adekunle <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Communication support for any development idea utilizing all levels of communication (interpersonal, group and mass) is very vital. The mass media industry has an important role to play in eliminating undesirable practices from society. Gender-based violence (GBV) is one of such practices. This study set out to examine the role of the media in tackling the menace of GBV in The Gambia, the challenges faced and how the challenges could be addressed.</p> <p><strong>Methodology&nbsp;:</strong> &nbsp;research methods of focus group and key informant interviews were adopted to determine the level to which the media had been proactive, the challenges they face and strategies for surmounting the challenges.</p> <p><strong>Findings&nbsp;:</strong> Findings show that the years of authoritarian rule have instilled the attitude of complacency and into many media practitioners in The Gambia and they have not been able to develop their investigative skills. &nbsp;Even though the current regime is largely liberal, the media needs to cultivate a new culture of undaunted dynamism. Apart from giving coverage to the programmes of development agencies on GBV, the media does not give adequate attention to sensitising and educating the public on gender-based violence and is also wanting in the area of following up cases of GBV while cases of online GBV are not given the required attention</p> <p><strong><em>Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy(recommendation):</em></strong> It was recommended that all available strategies be employed for the sensitisation and education of the public on GBV and media practitioners be empowered to adequately tackle GBV.&nbsp; Furthermore, media organizations must be encouraged to monitor online content so that they can respond to instances of GBV directed at people in The Gambia.</p> 2022-05-08T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Gender Studies EXAMINING SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONSTRAINTS OF SMALLHOLDER WOMEN RICE FARMERS: A CASE STUDY OF GARU AND TEMPANE DISTRICTS, GHANA 2022-09-14T09:19:23+03:00 Yakubu Abdulai Kenichi Matsui <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> Past studies generally agree that gender-based socio-economic constraints in the agricultural sector negatively affect the growth of the agricultural sector in Ghana and other African countries. The government statistics showed that the Upper East Region of Ghana experienced a substantial decline in productivity, but few studies have clarified what socio-economic factors actually contributed to this decline. This study attempts to identify these factors and the extent to which these factors affect women farmers.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> We conducted a preliminary field survey in Ghana among farmers and government officials and identified several possible factors, such as poor access to tractor services and improved seeds, the patriarchal traditional land tenure system, insufficient credit availability, limited extension services and lower fertilizer usage. On the basis of our preliminary survey, we designed a questionnaire to gain insights into local productivity and women’s roles. We selected ten farming communities in Garu and Tempane districts of the Upper East Region. Through purposive sampling, we distributed the questionnaire among 14 smallholder women rice farmers randomly from each community (a total of 140 respondents). We obtained valid answers from all.</p> <p><strong>Findings:</strong> The results showed that women rice farmers identified the following factors that had inhibited their production activities: obtaining credit from financial institutions (95%), the limited availability of extension services (85%), the high cost of fertilizer (78%), poor accessibility to certified seeds (74%), patriarchal land tenure system (63%) and poor access to tractor service (59%). We then conducted a multiple regression analysis and found that respondents’ education, rice farming experience and income significantly influenced how they identified these constraints.</p> <p><strong>Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy:</strong> Agricultural productivity has been largely framed within a context of agricultural science, breeding, or food security, but not so much within a context of gender studies. In many rural areas of northern Ghana, women remain invisible, inaccessible and marginal in terms of policy support, scholarly investigation, and socio-economic equity; yet they are the very backbone of Ghana’s agricultural economy. This paper offers locally ground insights as a result of long-term field experience that allowed us to reach many of these marginalized local farmers. Whereas abortion and pro-life choice can be some of the on-going concerns for women in developed countries, local farmers in our study area share with us somewhat different and unique insights on how gender equity can be interconnected to food productivity.</p> 2022-09-14T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 International Journal of Gender Studies