Food Additives and Food Preservatives for Domestic and Industrial Food Applications

Authors

  • Chinaza Godswill Awuchi Kampala International University
  • Hannington Twinomuhwezi Kampala International University
  • Victory Somtochukwu Igwe Federal University of Technology Owerri
  • Ikechukwu Otuosorochi Amagwula Federal University of Technology Owerri
Abstract views: 8810
PDF downloads: 6165

Keywords:

Food additives, Food preservatives, Health and safety of food additives, Types of food additives and preservatives, Flavourants

Abstract

Purpose: The study focused on food additives and preservatives, their health and nutritional benefits, and their types and safety regulations, including flavourants. Food additives are substances which are added to food to preserve its flavor or enhance its appearance, taste, or other qualities.

Methodology: The systematic review evaluated the current updates and development in food additives and their applications in food industries and homes.

Findings: The food additives currently in use are added to food as emulsifiers, colorants, flavorants, nutrients, or preservatives. Preservatives inhibit the growth of yeasts, bacteria, and molds in foods. Food additives can be directly (intentional) or indirectly (unintentional) added. Foods may contain some residues of chemicals used during production of animal or plant crops, including growth hormones, pesticides, antibiotics, etc. The use of most food additives is visibly beneficial as it results in improved the public health and the prevention of spoilage, which enhances food supply. However, there is controversy over the use of some common food additives. This is partly due to some individuals are hypersensitive and suffer allergic reactions if they are exposed to some of these chemical additives. Additionally, some individuals hold the belief that low levels of chronic toxicities and diseases might be caused in larger population by exposures to some of these chemical substances. There are many thousand food additives currently in use, all of which are designed to do specific function in making food safer, more nutritious, more appealing, or last longer.

Contribution to theory, practice, and policy: The study provides thorough and concise information on the major food additives that are currently used at home and food industries to preserve food flavor or enhance its appearance, taste, or other qualities.

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Author Biographies

Chinaza Godswill Awuchi, Kampala International University

Department of Physical Sciences, Kampala International University, Kampala, Uganda

Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

Hannington Twinomuhwezi, Kampala International University

Department of Physical Sciences, Kampala International University, Kampala, Uganda

Department of Chemistry, Kyambogo University, Kyambogo, Uganda

Victory Somtochukwu Igwe, Federal University of Technology Owerri

Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

Ikechukwu Otuosorochi Amagwula, Federal University of Technology Owerri

Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

Imo State Ministry of Health, Imo State, Nigeria

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Published

2020-04-14

How to Cite

Awuchi, C. G., Twinomuhwezi, H., Igwe, V. S., & Amagwula, I. O. (2020). Food Additives and Food Preservatives for Domestic and Industrial Food Applications. Journal of Animal Health, 2(1), 1–16. Retrieved from https://www.iprjb.org/journals/index.php/JAH/article/view/1067

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