IMPLICATION OF GIS ON SUSTAINABLE URBAN PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT IN UGANDA
Keywords:GIS, Sustainable, Urban planning, Management, Demographics
Purpose: The fundamental purpose of this study was to assess the implication of GIS on sustainable urban planning and management in Uganda, one of the East African countries.
Methodology: This study was a desk review research where documents were reviewed using a documentary checklist as the primary data collection instrument. Data was analyzed using content thematic analysis where emerging themes were identified and presented in a narrative form accompanied with quotation of texts from the documents where the identified themes emerged from.
Findings: This study found out that GIS contributes to sustainable urban planning and management through the following ways; analyzing the existing situation for adequate urban planning process; producing and maintaining geographical information which aids planning of urban areas and towns; providing quick access of data to planners and other stakeholders which eases the urban planning and management process; enabling planners to make effective, efficient and informed decision with regards to urban planning and management; enabling monitoring, evaluation and provision of feedback with regards to implementation of urban plans.
Unique contribution to theory, practice and policy: This study concludes that GIS has a positive implication on sustainable urban planning and management. This study also recommends that Governments of developing economies especially low income and middle income economies, Uganda not being exceptional should develop a strong data base for GIS systems so as to enable quick access to data by planners for effective and informed decision making in order to foster sustainable urban planning and management in low and middle income countries.
Aibinu, A. (2001). GIS Application in urban planning and urban management: Utilizing GIS in Kigali Urban planning and city management.
Bahaire, T., & Elliot-White, M. (2010). The Application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in Sustainable Tourism Planning: A Review. Journal of sustainable tourism , 7 (2).
Bardon K S, Elliott C J, Stothers N (1984). Computer applications in local authority planning departments 1984: a review. Birmingham, Department of Planning and Landscape, City of Birmingham Polytechnic
Campagna, M. (2006). GIS for Sustainable development. CRC Press.
Campbell, H, J (1994). How effective are GIS in practice? A case study of British local government. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems 8: 309–25
French, S, P., & Wiggins, L, L (1990). California planning agency experiences with automated mapping and geographic information systems. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 17: 441–50
Hegazy, I.R., and Kaloop, R.M. (2015). Monitoring urban growth and land use change detection with GIS and remote sensing techniques in Daqahlia governorate Egypt. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 4(1), 117-124.
Hemerijckx,L., Emelen,S.V., Rymenants,J., Davis,J., Verburg, P.H., Lwasa,S., & Rompaey, A.V. (2020). Upscaling Household Survey Data Using Remote Sensing to Map Socioeconomic Groups in Kampala, Uganda. Remote Sens, 12, 3468.
Maarseveen, M., Martinez, J., & Flacke, J. (2019). GIS in Sustainable Urban Planning and Management: A Global Perspective. CRC Press.
Maarseveen, M.V., Martinez, J., & Flacke, J. (2018). GIS in Sustainable Urban Planning and Management . Boca Raton: CRC Press.
Mbabazi, J., & Atukunda, P. K. (2020). Creation of New Cities in Uganda: Social Economic and
Political Implications. Kampala: ACODE
Ministry of Lands, Housing & Urban Development. (2017). The Uganda National Urban Policy. Kampala: MOLHUD.
Morosini, R. &. (2019). Land use and urban sustainability assessment: A 3D-GIS application to a case study in Gozo. City, territory and architecture, 6 (7), https://doi.org/10.1186/s40410-019-0106-z.
Musinguzi, M. (2012). GIS Data interoperability in uganda. International journal of spatial data infrastructures research , 7, 488-507.
Nikuze, A., Sliuzas, R.V.,& Flacke, J. (2018). Towards equitable urban resettlement in Kigali, Rwanda. University of Twente.
Ofori-Amoah, B. (2009). Building capacity to use geospatial technology for development in africa: lessons from the uganda gis project. Master's thesis, Western Michigan University, Department of Geography.
Pieterse, E., and Parnell, S. (2014). Africa’s Urban Revolution. London: Zed Books.
Shimonti, P. (2018). Urban planning and GIS. Retrieved February 04, 2021, from https://www.geospatialworld.net/blogs/gis-in-urban-planning/
Sow, M. (2015, December 30). Foresight Africa 2016: Urbanization in the African context. Retrieved February 02, 2021, from https://www.brookings.edu/blog/africa-in-focus/2015/12/30/foresight-africa-2016-urbanization-in-the-african-context/
UN-Habitat. (2008/9.). Global Human Settlements Report. Harmonious Cities. . London: Earthscan.
UN-Habitat,. ( 2006/7). State of the World's Cities 2006/7 The MDGs and Urban Sustainability: 30 Years of Shaping the Habitat Agenda. . London: Earthscan.
UN-Habitat,. (2006/7). State of the World's Cities 2006/7 The MDGs and Urban Sustainability: 30 Years of Shaping the Habitat Agenda. London: Earthscan.
United Nation. (2021). Goal 11: Make cities inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable. Retrieved February 09, 2021, from https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/cities/
Van de Voorde, T., Jacquet, W., & Canters, F. (2011). Mapping form and function in urban areas: An approach based on urban metrics and continuous impervious surface data. Landscape and Urban Planning, 102(3), 143-155.
World Bank. (2012). Planning for Uganda‘s Urbanization. Inclusive Growth Policy Note;4. Washington, DC: World Bank.
Yeh A G-O (1991) The development and applications of geographic information systems for urban and regional planning in the developing countries. International Journal of Geographical Information Systems 5: 5–27