AVAILABILITY OF ICT RESOURCES FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE SOUTHERN REGION, ERITREA
Keywords:ICT Resources, Biology, Secondary Schools
Purpose: The purpose of the research was to determine the availability of ICT resources for teaching and learning Biology in secondary schools in the Southern Region, Eritrea.
Methods: The study was carried out in secondary schools of the southern region, Eritrea. A descriptive survey research design was adopted. The study targeted 27 public secondary schools in the region. Stratified random sampling technique was used to get a sample of 12 secondary schools from 12 sub-regions. The sample of respondents of the study was drawn from these 12 secondary schools of 12 sub-regions. The respondents were 12 school directors, 34 Biology teachers and 175 grade eleven students. Questionnaires, interview and observation schedules were used as instruments for data collection. Questionnaire for Biology teachers and students, Interview Schedule for school Directors, were employed. Piloting and consultation were conducted to establish validity and reliability before the instruments were used for the actual data collection. The data collected included both qualitative and quantitative data. The quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 22. The qualitative data obtained from the open-ended questions were analyzed thematically based on research objectives.
Results: The study found that that most of the sampled schools had inadequate ICT resources like computers, computer laboratories, projectors, televisions, video players, digital content, and the internet. These resources were not enough or available for use by Biology teachers in teaching and learning.
Unique Contribution to Theory, Practice and Policy: The researcher recommended that the Adequate ICT resources, including the internet, need to be provided in schools for teaching and learning Biology and other subjects.
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