Water Quality of Perturbed Egbokodo River, Delta State, Nigeria

  • Dr. Patrick Omoregie Isibor University of Benin,Nigeria
  • Joshua Idowu Izegaegbe Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
  • Oluowo Elohor Feeman


Purpose: An aquatic ecological survey was carried out across the stretch of Egbokodo River; located in Warri South Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Biomonitoring survey of the river was carried out around important sections along the river.

Methodology: 10 samples of surface water were collected at 10 sub-stations; marked using the Global Positioning System device (GPS); randomly around each station (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5) from November, 2014 to February, 2016 (16 months). The pH of water was taken and recorded in-situ using a WTW water sampler probe. All samples were transported immediately to the laboratory for analysis of the physico-chemical variables. The mean and standard error values of 10 samples collected from each station were subjected to a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to analyse the differences across the stations and the months; using SPSS version 19.2 at probability level of 0.05. Duncan Multiple Range test (DMR) to ascertain the actual locations of the significant differences across the stations and among the months.

Results: Results show that anthropogenic activities around the river are of higher impacts on the ecological equilibrium than most neighbouring rivers. Data assures the suitability of the river for aquatic life, agriculture and domestic use. However, need for amelioration of the anthropogenic perturbations cannot be overemphasised. High conductivity in the dry season was coeval with high salinity; indicating a substantial contribution of the dissolved salts to the conductivity of the river. The high values of BOD observed at Station 2 was accompanied by low dissolved oxygen (DO). This can be attributed to disposal of organic wastes at this section of the river. The DO at Station 3 was significantly higher than other stations throughout the study period (P < 0.05). This can be attributed to the surface turbulence by dredging agitation and high standing aquatic macrophytes. The levels of the essential primary productivity nutrients such as nitrate, phosphate and sulphate in the river indicate that the river is oligotrophic.

Conclusion and Recommendations: The study has provided a proof of trophic stratification by anthropogenic perturbations. The study has also provided a general picture of the aquatic environment over an extended period of time; a database useful for reference in subsequent studies aimed at protecting the ecological integrity Egbokodo River.

This Abstract was viewed 58 times | PDF Article downloaded 21 times


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Dr. Patrick Omoregie Isibor, University of Benin,Nigeria
Animal and Environmental Biology Department, Faculty of Life Sciences
Joshua Idowu Izegaegbe, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria.
Zoology Department, Faculty of Natural Sciences


American Public Health Association (APHA). (1998). Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Waste water. 20th edition APHA – AWNA- WPCF. New York, USA,pp 1134.

Camusso, M., Vigano, L. & Baistrini, R. (1995). Bioaccumulation of trace metals in rainbow trout. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Vol31: 133 – 141.

Di Toro, D. M. Zarba, C. S. Hansen, D. J. Berry, W. J. Swartz, R. C. Cowan, C. E. Pavlou, S. P. Allen, H. E. Thomas, N. A. & Paquin, P. R. (1991). Technical basis for establishing sediment quality criteria for nonionic organic chemicals by using equilibrium partitioning. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. Vol 10. Issue 12. pp 1541-1583.

Ekhator, O., Akoma, O. C. & Ogie-Odia, E. (2012). A comparative limnological and water quality assessment of some rivers in Benin City and Perı-urban areas, Edo State, Nıgerıa. Global Research Journal of Microbiology. Vol. 2. Issue 1. pp 090 – 095.

Iloba KI and Ruejoma MGO. 2014. Physico-chemical Characteristics and Zooplankton of Ekpan River, Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Biological Research. 6(1):8-30.

Ikejimba, C. C. & Sakpa, S. (2013). Comparative study of some heavy metals’ concentrations in water and Tympanotonusfuscatusvar radula samples of Egbokodo River, Warri, Nigeria. International Journal of Modern Biological Research (Int. Mod. Biol. Res.). IJMBR. Vol. 2. Issue 2014. pp 7 – 15.

Imoobe, T. O. T. & Adeyinka, M. L. (2009). Zooplankton-based assessment of the trophic state of a tropical forest river in Nigeria. Arch. Biol. Sci. Belgrade. Vol. 61. Issue 4. pp 733- 740.

Mandu, E. & Ekpo, I. (2015). Physico-chemical Factors influencing zooplankton Community Structure of a Tropical River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental and Earth Science. 5(17):162-173.

Ogbeibu, A. E., Oriabure, P. A. & Oboh, I. P. (2014). The effects of brewery effluent discharge on the water quality and sediment of the Ikpoba River, Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Aquatic Sciences. Vol. 29. Issue 1A. pp 43 – 58.

Olajire, A. A. & Imeokparia, F. E. (2001). Water quality assessment of Osun River: Studies on inorganic nutrients. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. Vol. 2. Issue 69. pp 17-28.

Omoigberale, M. O. & Ogbeibu, A. E. (2007). Assessing the environmental impacts of oil exploration and production on the water quality of Osse River, Southern Nigeria. Global Journal of Env.Sc. Vol. 6. Issue 1. pp 1-13.

Omoigberale, M. O. & Ogbeibu, A. E. (2007). Assessing the environmental impacts of oil exploration and production on the water quality of Osse River, Southern Nigeria. Global Journal ofEnv.Sc. Vol. 6. Issue 1. pp 1-13.

Oyewo, E. O. & Don-Pedro, K. N. (2003). Lethal and Sub lethal effects of copper to the African Catfish (Clariasgarienpnus). West Africa Journal of Applied Ecology. Vol. 4. Issue 2. pp115 – 123.
How to Cite
ISIBOR, Dr. Patrick Omoregie; IZEGAEGBE, Joshua Idowu; FEEMAN, Oluowo Elohor. Water Quality of Perturbed Egbokodo River, Delta State, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Sciences, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 54 - 69, nov. 2016. ISSN 2519-5549. Available at: <https://www.iprjb.org/journals/index.php/IJES/article/view/195>. Date accessed: 17 feb. 2020.


Allocthonous, authoctonous, anthropogenic activities, pollution, seasonal variation, physico-chemical properties